His171 Part 7, E3 Eznotes Essay example

5576 Words Apr 19th, 2012 23 Pages
Chapter 27—The New Power Balance, 1850-1900 1. How was ocean shipping transformed by the mid-nineteenth century?
a. There were more efficient, powerful engines.
b. The average size of freighters increased from 200 to 7,500 tons.
c. Steel hulls replaced wooden hulls.
d. Propellers replaced paddle wheels.
e. All of these* 2. The "annihilation of time and space," extolled by the public and the press in the late nineteenth century, referred especially to
a. the development of aircraft.
b. submarine telegraph cables.
c. transcontinental railroads.
d. the science fiction musings of H. G. Wells.
e. an accurate clock 3. Most railways were built by European or American engineers with equipment from the West. The exception to this
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d. Teaching was an extension of the duties of Victorian mothers.*
e. Teaching was considered unimportant. 16. Some women sought satisfaction outside the home and became involved
a. in working as volunteer social workers or nurses.
b. in organizing reform movements to curtail alcohol, prostitution, and child labor.
c. in working for women's suffrage.
d. All of these*
e. None of these 17. Which of the following is not how working-class women earned money to support the family?
a. Doing piecework such as sewing and making lace, hats, or gloves
b. Taking in laundry
c. Taking in boarders
d. Doing domestic service or factory work
e. Teaching* 18. What ideology questioned the sanctity of private property?
a. Capitalism
b. Socialism*
c. Darwinism
d. Mercantilism
e. Liberalism 19. The nineteenth-century movement that defended workers against their employers was
a. Social Darwinism.
b. liberalism.
c. the labor union movement.*
d. millenarianism.
e. the Wobblies. 20. Karl Marx defined the term surplus value as the
a. appropriate profit of business.
b. difference between wages and the value of goods.*
c. proper cost of goods in the marketplace.
d. amount that business owners were able to put into the bank.
e. sum total of all goods and services produced in a country. 21. The goal of the International Working Man's Association was to
a. overthrow the bourgeoisie.*
b. eventually become the Communist Party.
c. end the

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