The Pros And Cons Of Island-Hopping

Superior Essays
On December 7th, 1941 the Japanese would stage a surprise attack on the United States in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Pearl Harbor was the site of the United States Navy’s Pacific base. Under the command of Japan a number of forces would be sent out in order to destroy American naval and air presence in the Pacific to render the United States incapable of stopping Japanese expansion. The results of this attack would be devastating, causing 2, 500 people to be killed and the United States battlefleet to be out of commission for six months due to the demolished equipment. The news would spread across the United States, sparking American patriotism, leaving no doubt in the people 's mind on whether or not to declare war. The very next day on December …show more content…
All focus was now on defeating Japan. The first strategy to be developed would be “island-hopping”, in which the United States would essentially use the islands as pit stops in order to get closer to Japan. Island-hopping would prove to be too dangerous and a quicker method to end the war would be developed under the Manhattan project. This being the atomic bomb. The atomic bomb would be a “weapon of mass destruction,” constructed with scientist J Robert Oppenheimer and General Leslie Groves, the two primary leaders of the Manhattan project. The first atomic bomb would be tested on July 16th, 1945, it proved fruitful. All that was left at this point was whether or not the bomb would be used on Japan. President Truman would make his decision and on August 6, 1945 the first bomb would be dropped on Hiroshima and three days later the second would be dropped on Nagasaki. Subsequently Japan surrendered, thus ending the war on August 15th. President Truman’s decision would emit debate across the globe. However the United States was the justified in dropping the atomic bombs as it aided in swiftly ending the war as well as saving American …show more content…
Both of these cities served to have some sort of military importance to Japan. Hiroshima contained the army headquarters, this served as a communications center, a storage point, and an assembly area for troops. Nagasaki was an outlet of military industrial power, serving immensely for military production. Each location had been heavily populated, the Potsdam Declaration allowed the population to be reduced by almost 100,000 people due to Japanese evacuations. Hiroshima would be the first target and on August 6th, 1945 “little boy” would be dropped onto the city. The number of casualties would be anywhere from “between 70,000 and 80,000 with an equal number injured...” According to the Effects of the Atomic Bomb. Another warning would be issued to Japan asking for them to surrender. The Japanese would once again refuse. At this point there seemed to be no way the Japanese would never back down. Despite the repeated warnings and even the ruination of Hiroshima, Japan refused to lose hope. A survivor of the Hiroshima bombings Tokimoto Morimoto would comment on this believing “...that only a total unequivocal victory by the Allies would have convinced the Japanese population that their war effort was hopeless...and try to move on.” Morimoto herself had witnessed the destruction of Hiroshima losing almost her entire family believed that the United States had needed to demonstrate their power over

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