Higher Education Case Study

Superior Essays
In pre-reform higher education governance system, Chinese central government occupied an absolutely dominant position. After the Chinese Communist Party came into power, an early higher education system was built based on Soviet administration experience. As mentioned by Mok (2001), all universities were managed by national ministries and the central government set a series of unified regulations about financial plans, personnel administration, and even curriculum contents. Moreover, the cost of tuition and accommodation was paid by the central government (Howell 2004). Since the reform and opening-up policy in 1980s, the management system for higher education had changed. The past reform focused on university merging, expanding student enrolment …show more content…
The role of Chinese governments has been shifting from controller to supervisor. A number of private higher education institutions have been established by enterprises or other social entities. A research of Zhao (2012) found that there have been more than one thousand private higher education institutes in China by 2010, and half of them have the authority to grant diplomas or undergraduate degrees. These private universities offer more education resources and learning opportunities to the general public. The authority also has encouraged national universities to build affiliated colleges. Mok (2009) points out that these branch campuses have independent finance and are operated based on the principle of market. These colleges could be viewed as profit-making divisions of public universities and they are funded mainly by corporate sponsors and tuitions fees. Moreover, the central encourages competition among universities. As argued by Li and Yang (2014), more than six hundred higher education institutions have been assessed by a quality evaluation system and the preference of government financial allocation or social sponsorships partly depend on the results of quality assessments. As a result, both public and private universities work hard to develop themselves and to attract talented professors and students. To some extent, the competitiveness of university may improve their …show more content…
Even though all universities must be supervised by the central and local government, they already have more power to decide their own affairs. A report of Mok and Han (2016) shows that universities have autonomy to design curriculum contents and modify the structure of their departments and schools. Higher education institutions to some extent have financial independence from Chinese government. Li and Yang (2014) state that universities have had various financial resources including financial allocation, tuition fees income, research funds and so on, besides; they also have the power to decide how to utilize these

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    HNUBS is an independent accounting unit, so that we have a full control of the operating and capital budgets for our school. Most of our budgets are based on programs or research projects. Most of the accounting duty is concentrated in the University so that the University can monitor the School’s budgeting and spending according to the China national standards of accounting. To what extent does the business academic unit have control of the resources to operate the unit and plan for the future? HNUBS Finance Committee is responsible for the control planning and spending of all budgets to operate the unit.…

    • 747 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    The limit in academic freedom can be seen in both in the whole school level and individual level. In “Higher education governance and university autonomy in China”, Li Wang conducts both a survey and interviews with staff members in Chinese universities. Although the results of the survey shows that the schools have the power to most important academic decisions such as defining campus mission and objectives, setting degree requirements and setting student-faculty ratios, the interviews reveal the government’s control underneath the autonomy - universities are allowed to make these decisions only if those decisions will satisfy the government’s guidelines. For example, the mission and objectives is almost pre-decided by the state as the state decides what kind of institution the school would be. Similarly, the specific degree requirements set by the university also need to comply with requirements made by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council.…

    • 1921 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    I know the United States spends a great amount of money supporting higher education programs, but it benefits our students. Jeremy Carp states, “the federal government spends over $75 billion annually on higher education programs (2015, para.1). However, these different types of schools like institutions benefit from federal support. These regulations are designed to overlook these uses of taxpaying funds and support broader policy goals, which can force costs on colleges, institutions and universities. “The task force federal regulation of higher education, comprised of 16 Senate-appointed higher education leaders, issued the report earlier this year in anticipation of the upcoming reauthorization of the Higher Education Act” (Jeremy Carp, 2015, para.…

    • 817 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    different academic majors to the tuition increase, with a strong focus on the relationship between tuition increase, college expenditures, and future earnings. This study was done in the US, just as many others have been done in other nations. There tends to be a trend in that students tend to choose more of a hard major (Science, Economics, etc) the higher tuition is versus when tuition is lower and Art majors are prevalent. The research of Nate Johnson (2016) provides a policy view on the cost of tuition. In this Johnson exams percent of tuition is covered by taxes on average in the United States, the effect that state school has on taxpayers support and how it has affected the current debates in policy over higher education cost.…

    • 2563 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Free Community College

    • 1352 Words
    • 6 Pages

    FWS is offered at more than 3,400 schools across the nations and provides students with the option of working on campus doing various jobs to help pay for their tuition and other fees(Cress). Students who take advantage of this opportunity could potentially pay off their college and have money left over for other personal needs. On the contrary, most community colleges offer many scholarships to keep enrollment of students up. In fact, the average community college extends more than $7,200 per full-time student every year, 3.9% of that money is from scholarships(Community College at a Glance). The money community colleges grant to full time students is nearly enough to cover tuition for one year.…

    • 1352 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    According to the General Statistic Office of Vietnam, as of 2015, Vietnam had 445 universities and colleges across the country . These universities and colleges prove that Vietnam educational system has its capacity to produce and supply a good financial and banking human resource for the workforce market, and the SBV should transfer its schools to real owners who are acting under the control of the Ministry of Education and Training administratively and the labour market competitively. The SBV should concentrate its efforts on their main functions as a central bank of a country rather than allocate its resources to non-professional fields such as…

    • 1027 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Tinto (2006) and DeNicco, Harrington and Fogg (2015) indicated there are ways to resolve student retention rates including specific activities related to students and programs specific to institutional support. These activities would assist students with assimilating into college cultures, which can be attributed to higher retention rates. Tinto (2012) also indicated that addressing the needs of undergraduate students can help increase their ability to persist towards…

    • 1668 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Diversity In College

    • 1210 Words
    • 5 Pages

    As a result, getting to know those who have a different background from you help you become more prepare after college. Being more prepared after college means entering a diversity workplace that prepares students for future career success. performance in today's diverse workforce requires sensitivity to human differences and the ability to relate to people from different cultural backgrounds. According to Nicholas A. Bowman the author of” Promoting Participation in a Diverse Democracy: A Meta-Analysis of College Diversity Experiences and Civic Engagement” stated” In recent years, American colleges and universities have seen greater diversity among their undergraduate students and greater civic interest and action among these students.” (Bowman 29).…

    • 1210 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Xinji Citizens Rights

    • 1146 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Confucianism was accepted as the philosophy of morals and for the respect of the elderly. The Republic of Xinji advocates for the rights of the different persons and practices morals in order to teach the community the importance of respect. During the time the Silk Road was used many merchants transported their goods as far to other countries to envelop their innovations used their fabrics such as silk,pottery, paper, and compass. The economy of Xinji focus in trading within their proximities in its government because of its massive size. Some parts of Xinji trade with different planets and the Treeks galaxy to import their new technological inventions and innovations where the laws were established to protect the merchants along with the merchandize.…

    • 1146 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    If anything, higher education is becoming more important because of the growing requirement for degrees in careers. Many companies are looking for people with degrees, sometimes even more than experience. Based on economy and job projections calculated by Georgetown University, in 2018, approximately 63% of jobs will require some college education or a degree. Also, people with degrees can get paid more for doing the same job. A personal example is my cousin, who works for an advertising agency, gets paid almost 25% less than some coworkers because he hasn’t finished getting his degree.…

    • 1753 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays