High School Policy Changes Throughout California And New York : Purpose, Goals, And Realities
Reasons for State Implemented Education Reform
President Obama pronounced a goal to have “60 percent of Americans hold high-quality, two- or four-year degrees and credentials by 2025. To produce that goal, we have to produce 16 million more graduates than we will at current rates” (The Lumina Foundation, 2009). To reach this goal, we must reform the higher education system. To ensure that students are considered college ready, changes need to be made to the K-12 system to increase the number of quality high school students graduating with diplomas to be eligible to attend a higher education institution.
College readiness is considered to be “the degree to which previous education and personal experiences have equipped them [students] for the expectations and demands they will encounter in college” (Conley, 2008, p. 3). Readiness is built on four key areas: cognitive strategies, content knowledge, academic behaviors, and contextual skills and knowledge. Most, if not all of the facets included in college readiness are developed when students are in effective high school environments (Conley, 2008).
As more students graduate high school, there will be an increase in people eligible to obtain a degree from a community, technical, or four-year institution. If high school reforms are effective, they will also help to reach Obama’s 2025 plan to increase the number of…