Hesiod's Theogony: The Earth And The Universe

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The Earth and the Universe:
First of all, Hesiod’s Theogony (circa. 700 BC) is a written source explaining the connections between the gods, goddesses and these immortal beings are the embodiment respective parts of the earth and universe. Hesiod explains that in the beginning there was only Chaos and then came Gaea, the broad earth who supports Mt Olympus and at its core, Tartarus. From Gaea came Uranus, the sky and stars and together they bore the titans and titanesses and the monsters. As Hesiod describes, the genealogy continues on for many more generations of one-person births, to partnerships between the gods and goddesses, to immortal beings and mortals. Mythology also explains certain landmarks and natural occurrences. For
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He had estimated the distances and sizes of the sun and moon and found that the sun was immensely larger than the moon. Hence the earth had to rotate around the sun. Speaking of the sun, Heraclitus (535 BC) contemplated the heavenly bodies to be bowls of fire. In the event of an eclipse, Heraclitus claimed the bowl had turned away from the earth. Secondly, very few philosophers explain the foundations of the universe with atomic theory, despite it being partly correct. Democritus (460 BC) and his teacher Leucippus (500 BC) devised atomic theory and they explained that atoms are indestructible, eternal and in constant motion. They form in different shapes and positions. Most importantly, atoms form everything, the earth, the sky and the entire universe. Epicurus (341 BC) and his school of philosophy, Epicureanism, added on their own theory to atoms and believed that atoms exist, moving in empty space and are unpredictable which means that according to Epicurus the Universe cannot be mechanical or mathematically defined and luck is largest factor of the Universes’ happenings. Eratosthenes (276 BC) was a mathematician who discovered the Earth’s circumference using ratios of the lengths of shadows of sticks …show more content…
In mythology, Zeus withheld fire from humanity on Earth, until Prometheus took upon himself to give the dying humans fire to warm themselves and cook. From the myth of Prometheus, it 's discovered that fire is not an element the humans always had and so cannot be the substructure of nature and earth. Other elements seen in nature mythology are personified and thus become spirits and nymphs of the like. Philosophy has many ideas about the elements and which is the element responsible for the makings of the universe and earth. Thales believed it to be water that was the base of existence as it is prevalent and continues to take forms under extreme cold and heat. Anaximenes (585 BC) thought air as it can become; fire when rarefied, wind, and earth and stone when condensed. Heraclitus concluded that fire was the base of the universe as it was in constant change and fluctuation and results in conflict of opposites and his theory of the principle of limitation and he also supported his fire-as-base-element theory with his reasoning the equilibrium was preserved because of the changing state of fire. Empedocles (495 BC) subscribed to the theory of the four elements, earth, air, fire and water. Additionally in his Tetrasomia (Doctrine of the Four Elements), Empedocles held mythological influences by personifying the elements, air was the essence of Zeus, as earth was Hera, fire was Hades

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