The Earth And The Universe In Hesiod's Theogony

The Earth and the Universe:
First of all, Hesiod’s Theogony (circa. 700 BC) is a written source explaining the connections between the gods, goddesses and these immortal beings are the embodiment respective parts of the earth and universe. Hesiod explains that in the beginning there was only Chaos and then came Gaea, the broad earth who supports Mt Olympus and at its core, Tartarus. From Gaea came Uranus, the sky and stars and together they bore the titans and titanesses and the monsters. As Hesiod describes, the genealogy continues on for many more generations of one-person births, to partnerships between the gods and goddesses, to immortal beings and mortals. Mythology also explains certain landmarks and natural occurrences. For
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He had estimated the distances and sizes of the sun and moon and found that the sun was immensely larger than the moon. Hence the earth had to rotate around the sun. Speaking of the sun, Heraclitus (535 BC) contemplated the heavenly bodies to be bowls of fire. In the event of an eclipse, Heraclitus claimed the bowl had turned away from the earth. Secondly, very few philosophers explain the foundations of the universe with atomic theory, despite it being partly correct. Democritus (460 BC) and his teacher Leucippus (500 BC) devised atomic theory and they explained that atoms are indestructible, eternal and in constant motion. They form in different shapes and positions. Most importantly, atoms form everything, the earth, the sky and the entire universe. Epicurus (341 BC) and his school of philosophy, Epicureanism, added on their own theory to atoms and believed that atoms exist, moving in empty space and are unpredictable which means that according to Epicurus the Universe cannot be mechanical or mathematically defined and luck is largest factor of the Universes’ happenings. Eratosthenes (276 BC) was a mathematician who discovered the Earth’s circumference using ratios of the lengths of shadows of sticks

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