Hernán De Soto Expedition 1450

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Register to read the introduction… Epidemic diseases spread by Hernán de Soto’s expedition which destroyed their traditional institutions
Importance of farming--> matrilineal system
System of kinship and inheritance developed among some eastern Indian peoples
Men did not consider wives family
No intimacy
Religious rituals were centered on the agricultural cycle
Tradition-Bound Europe
European Peasant Society
1450- most people peasants
Lived in small,compact agricultural villages surrounded by open fields
Fields were divided inconveniently-->cooperative farming
Community chooses what crops will be grown
Manorial lands
Land in exchange for weekly work on a lord’s land-->serfdom
Used labor in exchange for rent/land
Peasant output produced surpluses and created a local market economy
The Peasantry
Life according to season
Agricultural year starts in March
Spring: men shave wool-->women spin it into yarn
June: cut hay and store it for winter food for livestock
Summer: easy going
Winter: killed extra livestock and smoked/salted meat
Cold months:
Wove textiles
Visited old friends
Celebrated winter solstice/christmas
More successful conceptions in early summer
Rural people die: in January/February -->viral disease
August/September in epidemics of fly-borne
…show more content…
New plants/animals
Expanding trade networks
Portuguese merchants brought:
Coconuts (from E. Africa)
Oranges and lemons (Mediterranean)
Pigs (W. Europe)
After 1492: maize, manioc, and tomatoes (Americas)
Merchants shipped metal products and manufactures to inland regions gold, ivory, and pepper
Yellow fever, dysentery, and malaria killed 1/2 of euros in W. Africa
Portuguese looked for route to asia
Vasco ad Gama was robbed by Arab and Indian merchants along Malabar coast
To get more spices he got a group of fighting vessels and out fought the Arab fleets
Portuguese replace Dutch and leaders in Asian commerce
The Slave Trade
Slavery was the norm in most premodern cities
Reasons for slavery:
Some africans were held in bondage to pay debts
Some sold by family in exchange for food
War captives
Used as:
Agricultural laborers
Military recruits
Some freed at birth
Others hereditary bondage :(
Slaves used as payment for prestige goods
Wolof King had raids and got slaves for trade
Sugar plantations=african trade

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