Hedonistic Utilitarianism And Kant's Theory Of Action

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The moral value of an action, or the extent to which the action is right or wrong, is undoubtedly subjective. There are numerous moral theories, as opposing ideas by Kant and Mill explore for example, about what makes human behavior moral. In my opinion, the foundation of morality and what makes human behavior moral or immoral is intention. There are many reasons why this can be seen as true, as actions are performed based on intentions which are either moral or immoral, not consequences. Moreover, we cannot always predict the consequences of our actions no matter the motivation behind them.
This can be explained further in the form of Kantian Ethics. Immanuel Kant wanted to establish an ethical system that would most often lead to morally
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Utilitarianism states that actions are only considered to be morally right if they maximize the good while, alternatively, minimizing the bad. The “good,” as defined by traditional Utilitarians such as John Stuart Mill, is considered to be the pleasure or well-being produced by an action. Therefore, based on this view, actions are morally justified on the basis that they maximize pleasure and well-being while minimizing suffering. This approach to Utilitarianism is often referred to as Hedonistic Utilitarianism. According to Hedonistic Utilitarians, the moral rightness of a person’s actions is based solely on the judgment of consequences of pleasure or pain. Simply put, if it produces overall pleasure, the action is considered to be good. If it produces overall pain, or doesn’t maximize overall pleasure, it is considered to be bad and therefore immoral. Just like any other theory of morality, there are numerous objections to Utilitarian beliefs as well which are based both on the way it suggests to calculate every possible outcome of an action and the rules it places on individuals doing …show more content…
It is extremely unrealistic to expect a person to stop and consider every possible of outcome of every single decision they make, as well as every possible alternative course of action. In fact, this may actually prevent someone from making the best decision and bringing about the best consequence, especially in a circumstance where decision-making time is limited. For example, if someone was deciding whether to save a drowning child and stopped to weigh every possible outcome and alternative it would most likely be too late by the time they decided on a course of action.
Along the same lines, Utilitarianism is criticized because it allows for the justification of clearly immoral actions and policies. Terrible events like genocides, the torturing of innocent people, policies like slavery, and other evils throughout history can be theoretically justified based on the belief that they were thought to produce the best overall outcome for the greater

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