Healthy People 2020 Research Paper

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Health People 2020 The purpose of this paper is to identify the leading health indicator for Healthy People 2020, for the community of the Garden City. Some data in regards Garden City were collected during the windshield survey conducted prior writing this paper. Besides the data collected from the direct observation of the community, this paper used statistical information to support the selection of the indicator. Additional data from representative websites such as the Michigan Department of Health & Human Services, Healthy People 2020, United States Census Bureau, the Southeastern Michigan Council of Governments (SEMCOC), and official website of Garden city Michigan are used to support the obesity as a leading health indicator for the …show more content…
However, form the data conducted through windshield observation and from other reliable sources, I came to the conclusion that obesity is a leading health indicators for Garden City population. Based on the Michigan Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (BRFSS), 32.2% of the population of Garden City is estimated to be obese, 33.8 % of the population is overweight, and 34.0 % of this population have a healthy weight (2014). According to the Healthy People 2020, national wide there is little or no detectable changes in regards weight status in the USA. Healthy People 2020 defines obesity as an excessive amount of body fat. Body Mass Index (BMI) estimates the body fat, and adults whose BMI is greater than or equal to 30.0 is considered to be obese. Those who are overweight are considered to have a BMI of 25.0 and …show more content…
However, if these expectations are not met they can lead to obesity. On the other hand, obesity itself contributes into development of numerous serious health problems including, hypertension, heart disease, type 2 diabetes and certain cancers (Bombak, 2014. p.60). Data found on the Michigan BRFS Regional & Local Health Department website revealed that, 23.0% of the Garden city population do not participate in leisure time physical activities or exercise such as running, golf, gardening, or walking. Having a sedentary life style contributes to an increase body weight and effects the overall health as well. Also, according to the Carmody (2013), Wayne County the county where Garden city belongs to is ranked as one of the least healthy counties of Michigan State. There are other factors that contribute to the obesity of the Garden City population besides exercise and activity. Based on the United States Census Bureau, 26% of the population live below the poverty level. Unemployment rate for this community is estimated at 12.5% of the population 16 years and over. Also, the average household income was 51,461 in the past twelve months

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