Healthcare Associated Infections ( Hais ) Essays

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Background and Significance of the Problem
Healthcare associated infections (HAIs) is a group of infections that patients get from receiving invasive procedures, devices, treatments, or simply from other patients while they stay in the hospitals. HAIs is a major problem in public health that can prolong the length of hospital stay, increase the rate of morbidity and mortality and create a significant financial burden on healthcare system (Arefian, Vogel, Kwetkat, & Hartmann, 2016; Zimlichman et al, 2013). Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) is one of the common types of HAIs. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection involving the urinary system, including urethra, bladder, ureters, and kidney (Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, 2015). The risk of hospital acquired UTIs is associated with the use of indwelling urinary catheter (IUC); therefore, the IUC should be inserted only when appropriate reason is indicated. According to CDC (2009) guideline of IUC insertion, the indications of the use of IUC include acute urinary retention or bladder obstruction, accurate measurement of urinary output, urologic or genitourinary tract surgery, a prolonged duration of surgery, incontinent problem with open sacral or perineal wounds, prolonged immobilization, and comfort care for end of life patients (CDC, 2009).
Moreover, the management of IUC after insertion is essential to prevent patients from CAUTIs. American Nurses Association (ANA) (n.d) provides an…

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