Essay on Health Promotion Among Diverse Population

1139 Words Apr 29th, 2015 5 Pages
Health Promotion Among Diverse Populations
Shahla Tehrani
Grand Canyon University
Family-Centered Health Promotion
Dana McKay
May 1, 2015

Health Promotion Among Diverse Populations
With the advancement of medical technology and increasing self awareness of both mental and physical well being, the health of most Americans has increasingly improved. However, the same cannot be said of the health of American Indians and Alaskan Natives. Health improvements for American Indians and Alaska Natives have not improved, with health disparities still existing in areas such as: infant mortality, chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, asthma, obesity, cirrhosis and liver disease, arthritis, smoking, and cancer
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Native Americans have the highest rate of smoking, among all races and ethnic groups. Culturally, smoking has always been part of the Native American lifestyle, therefore making it a challenge and a major health concern (Smoking, 2009). Chronic obstructive lung disease, cardiovascular disease and lung and other cancers are major risks posed by smoking by Native Americans. About 32% of Native American adults smoked, in contrast to the 21% of white adults. Native American youths also have the highest rate of smoking at 23.1%. Additionally, Native American women have the highest rate of smoking during pregnancy (Smoking, 2009).
Health disparities among Native American also exist at birth, with low infant mortality rates. Among the national average of other races and ethnicities, Native Americans have 1.5 times higher infant mortality rates (Lillie-Blanton et al., 2003). Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is the second leading cause of death among Native American babies, making American Indian and Alaskan Natives babies three times more likely to die from SIDS than White babies (Lillie-Blanton et al., 2003). Major contributing factors to infant mortality are alcohol and tobacco use, inadequate education and insufficient prenatal care (Grossman, et al, 2002).
Some studies have noted “a frequency of poor health and limited health care options” for Native Americans exists (Indian Health, n.d.). 33% of American Indians and Native American do

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