Essay on Health Issues Concerning African American Population

2991 Words Jun 19th, 2010 12 Pages

The Health Issues Concerning the African American Population

Andrea Chisholm


Health Studies 201

Assignment 3

Athabasca University

August 20, 2007

Student Manuel © 2005

African Americans first arrived to the United States as a crew on a pirate ship in the year 1619 (Bennett, 1992 as cited in Edelman & Mandle, 2002). The American population saw these new immigrants as an opportunity and captured many of the six million African immigrants and sold them as slaves (Bennett, 1992 as cited in Edelman & Mandle, 2002). The African American community suffered through a history of slavery and discrimination which has led to their current health and wellness
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Coronary heart disease also known as coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death in the United States and involves any abnormal conditions that affect the functioning of the heart (Edelman & Mandle, 2003). The conditions involved in Coronary Heart disease are atherosclerosis, angina pectoris and myocardial infarction. Cancer is an additional health issue that is prevalent among the African American population. Cancer is defined by Smeltzer & Bare (2003) as a serious disease in which there is abnormal cell growth which disturbs the normal cells in the body. African Americans have the highest cancer mortality rate of any racial group within the United States and their five year cancer survival rate for each cancer site is considerably lower than when compared to white Americans (Smeltzer & Bare, 2003). The African American population is more likely to have cancer of the esophagus, uterus, cervix, stomach, prostate, liver and larynx (Donatelle, 2004). African American women in particular tend to have increased rates of mortality in breast cancer and cervical, most likely cause by low rates of Pap smears and mammograms (CDC, 2007). Men of African American descent are more likely to suffer from lung cancer, prostate cancer, colon cancer and rectum cancer (CDC, 2007). Cancer

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