Health Disparities And Health Care Essay

839 Words Dec 10th, 2016 4 Pages
Despite major advances in medicine and public health during the past few decades, disparities in health and health care persist. Health disparities are prevalent in the United States and are significant among underrepresented racial and ethnic groups (Mitchell, 2015). Compared to white Americans, these groups are uninsured or underinsured, have decreased access to care, and receive poor quality of care (Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality [AHRQ], 2013). Nurses can aid in reducing health care disparities through health systems interventions, cultural competency, and patient, provider relationship interventions.
Although the Affordable Care Act has supplied over 20 million Americans health care insurance, the amount of care a person can receive varies due to health insurance coverage and unequal geographic distribution of medical services. Newly insured populations are unaware or misinformed of the possible care and treatment they have available to them. Additionally, these same populations do not understand the importance of yearly vaccinations and treatments. There is an unequal distribution of medical service that offers treatment to minority patients. These locations have fewer available services or deliver low quality of care to minorities compared to areas that serve predominately white patients (Saha, Freeman, Toure, Tippens, Weeks, & Ibrahim, 2007). Therefore, in cases where nurses can’t provide medical needs because of resources, nurses should offer other means…

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