Essay on Health Benefits Of Rural Water Supply Projects

1988 Words 8 Pages
Health benefits
Often, rural water supply projects are justified on the basis of assumed improvements in health, however, such results are difficult to attribute solely to public health interventions. Human behavior and its complex relationship with the environment are equally important in determining overall health status as availability of safe water (Churchill et al., 1987). Improvements in health outcomes are highly correlated with level of female education, income and literacy (Roudi-Fahimi & Moghadam, 2003), rather than availability of safe water. Therefore, human behavior often overturns the theoretical links between improved services and improved health (Churchill et al., 1987). Additionally, an in-depth study on the economic impact of rural water supply carried out by the World Bank found that rural populations don’t necessarily equate access to potable water with health outcomes (Churchill et al., 1987). This is precisely one of the phenomena I faced while facilitating the focus groups. During the planning process, we developed probing questions which would help us delve deeper into the participant’s perceived impacts with the hopes that they would organically mention health impacts. However, participants rarely made that connection without direct probing, and instead focused on social or economic impacts. The social impact most commonly reported was time savings and time freedom.
In terms of the health benefits mentioned by focus group participants the trend of…

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