Health Belief Model

1497 Words 6 Pages
Question 1 – Describe the multiple determinants of health
Health detriments can be found in every community. Social environment includes friends, family, and associates. What we learn at home is our first learned behavior which influences our daily decision making. Guardians pass on good and bad behaviors to their children. It is up to us to distinguish what to keep. Physical environment is another determinant to health. Living in a rural area is very difficult to access care due to distance. Urban areas have more public transportation options. Transportation barriers lead to rescheduled or missed appointments, delayed care, and missed or delayed medication use. These consequences may lead to poorer management of chronic illness and thus
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Be sure to cover all constructs.
The Health Belief Model is used to evaluate how individuals engage in health conditions. The six constructs as following; perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, cues to action, and self-efficacy. Comparing these constructs to a population can narrow down the cause and diagnoses of a health disparity or disease to further aid in prevention.
Applying the Health Belief Model to breast feeding specifically in the African American population will lead to an educated hypothesis of what causes this disparity. Perceived susceptibility is a perceived belief of acquiring a disease or condition. Without education, African American women will not choose breast feeding. The likelihood of a child having asthma or allergies is a minor thought because it is not a well-known detriment in the population. STDs are perceived more dangerous throughout this population than the effects of not breast
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(Patel, Feucht, and Reid, 2010). The stages of Transtheoretical Theory are the following: pre-contemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, and maintenance. (Patel, Feucht, and Reid, 2010). Recognizing what stage a person is in will help specify the material, resources, and tactics used in a health program. For example, quitting smoking is a personal choice. If a person is in the pre-contemplation stage, he or she is not even thinking about quitting in the near future. Recognizing this stage will lead you to specific ways that will help change their belief. Cigarette smoking is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States and it is responsible for about one in five or half-million deaths every year. (Patel, Feucht, and Reid, 2010). Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke results in an estimated 49,000 deaths every year. (Patel, Feucht, and Reid, 2010). Considering the facts can lead a person to the contemplation stage. An individual in the contemplation stage is thinking about quitting smoking. Positive advertisements can sometimes sway an individual to quit smoking in the future. Worldwide tobacco use causes more than 5 million deaths per year and if the current trends in the use of tobacco continue, it will cause 8 million deaths per year by 2030. (Patel, Feucht, and Reid,

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