Hca/240 Blood Disorders Essay examples

906 Words Jul 6th, 2011 4 Pages
Blood Disorders
Elizabeth Martinez
December 19, 2010
Melvina Brandau

Some blood disorders can be prevented while there are others that are out of a person’s hands and have to live with a blood disorder for a life time. It is essential to know the causes of hereditary disease and know how to treat them. It is also important to know what can be done to “cure” other blood disorders and what preventive measures need to be taken in order to stop history from repeating itself. Iron deficiency anemia, sickle cell anemia, and purpura simplex are just a few blood disorders that people suffer from that are either inherited or can be prevented. Iron deficiency anemia, one of the most common types of anemia, is a blood disorder where
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Sickle cell anemia, a genetic blood disorder, where red blood cells have an abnormal type of hemoglobin, hemoglobin S, in it and when the red blood cell releases oxygen the hemoglobin S attaches to other like hemoglobins, creating long crystal structures in the blood (Mulvihill et al., 2006). This causes the sickled shape to red blood cells in a person that has sickle cell anemia (Mulvihill et al., 2006). Sickle cell anemia can be diagnosed with a hemoglobin electrophoresis, which tells the amount of abnormal sickle hemoglobin (WebMD, 2010). The amount of abnormal sickle hemoglobin determines whether the person is a carrier or actually has the disease (WebMD, 2010). In order for a person to have sickle cell anemia, they must inherit the sickle cell trait from each parent (Mulvihill et al., 2006). Prenatal testing can be done in order to determine if a newborn is a carrier or has the disease and is required by law to be done with every newborn in all fifty states (WebMD, 2010). The only drug that is FDA-approved to be used to treat sickle cell anemia is hydroxyurea, which helps prevent the painful episodes that comes along with sickle cell anemia (WebMD, 2010). This drug reduces the amount of episodes, as well as their severity (WebMD, 2010). While there is no cure for sickle cell anemia, there is a procedure available that might just be the “cure” for

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