Haydn's Baby-Stage Sonata

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Haydn’s “Baby-Stage” Sonata

When Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart focused on opera composition and Ludwig von Beethoven experimented innovations in various musical forms, Joseph Haydn was greatly responsible for the invention and refinement of sonata form in the classical period . His earliest sonatas, dedicated to Prince Nikolaus Esterházy, feature galant style, and reveal Haydn’s growth as a composer in his early years. Among these pieces, Haydn piano sonata in F major, Hob. XVI: 23 shows a very solid structure that was an important part of the classical period. Haydn was definitely an innovator, as he employs multiple music topoi and unusual chords and modulations along with his highly repetitive melodic lines in the first movement of this sonata in F major. Considering both the compliance to sonata form and the rebellious chords and modulations, this sonata is one of Haydn’s “baby-stage” composition in which he explores different textures as freely as he could, but never exceeds the formal structural frame.
The “Esterházy‟ Sonatas, Hob. XVI: 21-6, written in 1773 and dedicated to Prince Nikolaus Esterházy, are Haydn’s earliest sonatas among all forty-nine sonatas he composed
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XVI: 23 is one of Haydn’s “baby-stage” composition in which he explores different textures as freely as he could, but never exceeds the formal structural frame. Haydn’s music may not be as profound and probing as Mozart’s, or as emotionally intense and radical as that of Beethoven , but he was definitely an innovator, as he employs multiple music topoi and unusual chords and modulations along with his highly repetitive melodic lines in the first movement of this sonata in F major. History has given him the titles of “father of the symphony,” “father of the orchestra,” and “father of the string quartet,” but he also deserves another one of “father of the piano

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