Essay on Hate Crimes And Crime Prevention Act

1340 Words Dec 1st, 2016 6 Pages
Hate crimes are a prevalent problem in the United States. It seems that every time one turns on the news or reads the paper, there has been another example of hate being spread throughout the country. For this reason, it is important that there are laws put into place outlining what constitutes a hate crime, how the government reacts to such crimes, and what punishments are expected to be doled out to those that commit them. In order to reduce the amount of hate crimes in the United States, as well as to provide technical assistance and funding to legal jurisdictions for efficient investigation and prosecution of hate crimes, several policies have been put into place. The Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr., Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 2009 was enacted to supplement previous laws and provide new levels of protection and justice for those affected by hate crimes.
Policy Development
The Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr., Hate Crimes Prevention Act was originally introduced to the Senate on April 28, 2009 (S.909 - Matthew Shepard Hate Crimes Prevention Act, 2009). After discussions, votes, and deliberation, it was signed into law by President Barak Obama on October 28, 2009 (Kim, 2011). The policy is designed to address the issue of hate crimes in the United States, specifically hate crimes directed toward the previously unprotected demographics of disability, sexual orientation, gender, and gender identity. Though there had been previous laws protecting many minority…

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