Happiness and Helplessness Essay

975 Words Apr 5th, 2014 4 Pages
Lecture 8
Helplessness & happiness
• Why did Seligman and maier use a tripartite design?
• What are the long term effect sof uncontrollable stressors
• What does delta p = 0
• Pavlov’s apparatus
• 2 different procedures: classical conditioning and then punishment
• because using dogs in experiment, noticed that if dogs had been through classical conditioning experiments, could not be used in avoidance experiments o but adverse for the opposite (avoidance exp dogs 1st could learn very quickly in the classical conditioning exp second)
• tripartite design o one dogs put into harness and nothing done to them (control) o another set with shocks done to back legs but had nose plate to turn off shock (controllable shock
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• Ther perception of well-being o Not how well am I doing o But how well am I doing compared to my peers
• Also depends on expectation of income o People are more sensitive to perceived losses than gains
• But if you factor in wealth and consumption patterns it starts to account for more data
Attributional styles
• Why do some people exp uncontrollable stressors but not develop learned helplessness?
• Why do some people derive more satisfaction from success or happy experiences? o Important how they are treated
It’s not whether you have a life of pleasant events its how you attribute those events
• Internal vs external o Were you or others to blame
• Global vs specific o Does it happen everywhere or just here
• Permanent or temporary o Does it always happen or just now
• Abramson, Seligman, Teasdale (1978)
Modern positive psychology

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