Haida Culture Essay

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Haida Culture
The First Nation people who lived on the coastal bays/inlets of Haida Gwai in BC were the Haida culture. They were skilled traders and seafarers. They are known for their mostly known by their totem poles and their art work.
They all of the Haida people belonged to two social groups. The two groups were the Raven and Eagle and also known as clans or moieties. Each family of a village was an independent entity. Clan membership was matrilineal. A group contained more than 20 lineages. Members of the raven group could not marry a member from the Raven clan; they had to marry a member from the Eagle clan. This rule prevented inbreeding between the families. If a child’s mother was in the Eagle clan then that child would be part
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They had rocks with a hole in it and tied cedar bark ropes, known as the Canoe breakers. When they engaged in attack the Haida people would throw these rocks onto the enemies’ canoes. Result of this strategy destroyed the enemy’s canoes. These rocks were eighteen to twenty three kilograms. Later on other tribes lured the Haida people onshore to avoid the fight on sea. On land they fought with bows and arrows, spears, daggers, clubs, fist clubs, atlatls and later on fire arms. The warriors also had armor made from wood, hides of sea lions, elk skin and leather. They wore wooden helmets, wooden visors for the neck, wooden slat breastplate concealed under a leather tunic with their crest and a war coat made from a lot of layers of elk skin or thick hides of sea …show more content…
They also believed that the spirits were connected to any living things. Animals were seen as more intelligent than people and that the animals had the ability to change into people and vice versa. The Haida people did a ceremony called Potlatch. The chief or highly ranked men would be expected to host this ceremony. This ceremony was held to celebrate a person of the clans birth, death, weddings, to reinforce the social and economic organization and the interdependence of the clans. This would last two to three weeks. Every person who was invited to this ceremony would receive a gift according to their rank. The more gifts a person would give away the more that person was liked and honored. In the potlatches property was distributed, children was named and

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