Hrql Model

Amazing Essays
2.4 The concept of HRQOL

It is defined as an individual's perception of their physical, psychosocial and role functioning with respect to their health (9). This is in general a method applied in clinical care, and as well in trials containing children and their families (9,20). It is a system arranged to clarify a national health standard, and was established year 1980 to grasp the features of complete quality of life that can be revealed to affect health; both physically and mentally (5,6). HRQOL typically reveals how an individual feels concerning features in their life, which are related to their health (8).

It is structured in two arrangements, an individual and a community level. The individual part includes physical and mental
…show more content…
It contains a basic part, which as well can become integrated with a disease-specific core. The most recent model contains 23 items distributed in four scales: physical, emotional, social and school functioning.

The PedsQL generic core scale are composed of a parallel child self-report and parent proxy-report format, meaning that it is completed by children and their parents and consists of developmentally appropriate forms for varying age groups. It takes 15 minutes to fill in all the answers. Each item is scored on a 5-point scale (0 to 4), with a greater score indicating worse function. Based on the number of items scored, there will be a mean value. This score is concluded in a reverse fashion to a scale of 0 to 100, with a higher score indicating better function (10).

2.7 Low level of HRQOL observed in different
…show more content…
198 patients that had been diagnosed with JIA within the last 12 months participated, everyone above an age of 8 years, and their parents. It presented that more than half of the children (58.4%) were having higher PedsQL scores, linked with oligoarthritis and a low disease activity. This was also combined with less emotional difficulties according to the PedsQL questionnaire. Only 9% of the children were classified with lower HRQOL scores, and in comparison with the group having higher scores (58.4%), these 9 % were actually diagnosed with polyarthritis, an extended version. It is once again observed in an American study (27) published year 2014 that low
HRQOL scores were highly associated with the number of tender joints, functional restrictions, level of pain and disease activity. Inactive disease and reduced pain predicted better HRQOL.

2.9 Uveitis – a complication of JIA affecting HRQOL

JIA is the most common systemic cause of pediatric inflammatory eye disease (35), therefor uveitis can be used as a suitable example as it is claimed to have a witnessed effect on the HRQOL

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Down's Syndrome

    • 1352 Words
    • 5 Pages

    The risk of a child having Down’s syndrome increases after the age of 35 in mothers. Around 88% of all cases of Down’s syndrome come from the mother’s chromosome and 8% from the father’s chromosome. The extrapolated incidences of Down’s syndrome in countries around the world is about 1 out of 1000 (Right Diagnosis…

    • 1352 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    2. The graph 5.2 shows the variation in directional deformation for following five designs (1, 2, 3, 4, and 5). The obtained result concludes that the design having the least directional deformation is 5. The lesser variation in directional deformation results in stability and higher strength. 3.…

    • 1918 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    NTG Case Study Essay

    • 1409 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Diagnosis History and clinical examination in NTG is similar to PAOG with special attention to some differences. 1) History Special attention should be made to systemic associations and predisposing factors, including migraine, Raynaud’s phenomenon, episodes of shock, systemic hypotension and obstructive sleep apnea. All these factors may contribute to compromised ocular blood flow. (Kanski & Bowling, 2011). 2) Clinical examination There is evidence that the left eye is 2.5 times more likely to be affected first.…

    • 1409 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    (The survival rate varies on the type of leukemia.) People with acute lymphoid leukemia such as children have a 90% chance of complete remission, with an 80% five-year survival rate. But with adults it is only 25% to 30% for five years. Acute myeloid leukemia, with proper treatment 70%-80% of people go into remission. About 80% who go into remission will go within a month of induction therapy, but in some patients the disease will come back, and lowering the cure to 40%.…

    • 1859 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Their overall GPA also tends to be lower than of a child with a family that is still together.Patrick F. Fagan and Aaron Churchill said, “High school students in intact families have GPAs 11 percent higher than those from divorced families. One study (controlling for parental education, parental occupation, family size, etc. ), found that children whose moms and dads divorce get about seven tenths of a year less education than children from intact families.” According to the World Congress when the father is absent from child that is young the scores of test tend to be lower, especially in math for girls. Compared to girls with fathers in their lives the verbal capacity is increased when the father is there and when he reads to her. The reading abilities between the kids with broken and unbroken homes is almost a half a year by the time they get to the age of thirteen years old.…

    • 758 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    (Miller) Usually children get this disorder around or before the age of three. However, sometimes symptom do not present them till later in the child’s life. The Center for Disease and Control (CDC) says that one out of every 68 children has autism. The CDC has found boys are four times more susceptible to get disorder then girls are. The annual cost for autism therapies and treatments are approximately 40,000 to 60,000 a year.…

    • 824 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    “Within the first twelve months of the research project 73 infants died in the BCG + OPV0 group while 87 infants died in the BCG only group” (Lund, Najaaraq, Andreas Andersen, Ivan Monteiro, Peter Aaby, and Christine Stabell Benn). In the end the study they came to the conclusion that what they initially thought, which was administering both would do more harm than good ended up being wrong. They came to the conclusion that the group that was administered with both BCG and OPV0 ended up being healthier. This research that was conducted gives a pretty clear indicator…

    • 1581 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    63% of the participants were females and 37% were males. They sent out surveys every four months. To measure psychological distress, they chose 12 questions from Mood and Anxiety Symptom Questionnaire using a scale from one (not at all) to five (extremely). Higher scores signified there was higher distress. To measure life satisfaction, they chose the 5 Item Satisfaction using a Life Scale.…

    • 1778 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    To further prove the rapid effects of ketamine in trial studies, Valentine et al. (2011) conducted a study in 10 patients with major depression, who were all given a single does of saline, and then a single does of ketamine in a fixed order, one week apart under a single-blind condition. Participants noted a significant improvement in depression after 1,2,3,5 hours, and 7 days later for ketamine compared to saline. Lastly, Ibrahim et al. (2011) investigated the effects of a single IV does of ketamine in an open label study of forty patients who suffer form TRD,…

    • 1073 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Out of the 102 participants, 45 were from the Middle East region, 27 from Africa, 23 were from Europe and the remaining 7 were from other parts of the world. Services were delivered in a variety of forms including individual and family counseling and supportive therapy where students met over a period of six years. Only forty-eight of those participants had been assessed by the SDQ prior to the study, twenty-four of which ended up completing the post assessment at the conclusion of the intervention. Despite this low number of completed pre and post assessments, the researchers saw a significant improvement in the overall rating. Eighteen of those participants had lowing SDQ scores by the end of the intervention.…

    • 1360 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays