HIV Research Paper

1712 Words 7 Pages
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (more commonly known as HIV) is a disease that has been around for over 3 decades, and continues to rise with little to no sign of eradication. The origin of HIV is not certain but there are several theories with the most popular one being that it came from a mutation of a similar virus found in chimpanzees. An estimated 35 million people are living with HIV around the world. Because of this, many scientists are doing research to try to pinpoint the mechanism of its transmission with hopes in finding some type of cure because as of today, there is no cure. In this paper I will break down the disease and talk about the mechanism of the virus itself, transmission, prevalence, symptoms, treatment and preventative measures. …show more content…
Like most diseases, HIV can be found in all areas of the world. However, it is more prevalent in less developed countries and in urban areas within developed countries. Because this disease affects your immune system, immune-compromised individuals are at greatest risk especially if they are engaging in high-risk activities for the disease. These high-risk activities include having a very sexual lifestyle with multiple partners and participating in unprotected sex. Condom use is crucial for prevention of this disease. Because gay males are less prone to use condoms, they have a high number of infected individuals in their population. Drug use is another high-risk activity for this disease, due to sharing of needles and other medical equipment. African Americans tend to live in urban areas and because of this they also have a high number of people infected. When you live in an area, the chances of sleeping and participating in activities with others in the same area are high which is to blame for the transmission of the disease within this …show more content…
In certain stages of HIV there can be no symptoms so the only way to really know if you have it or not is to go get tested for it. The most common HIV test is the antibody-screening test, which tests for a high count of certain antibodies that your body creates in order to fight against HIV. If you test positive for this test you will then do a follow-up test which can include an antibody differentiation test that will tell you which form of HIV you have – HIV1 or HIV2. Many people may be concerned of other finding out they have HIV which will cause them to not want to go in for testing, however all testing is confidential and there is even anonymous testing available. If you take the test within 3 months of exposure it is possible that you can get a false reading, which is why it is important to wait a full 3 months before you want to take an accurate test with reading. During that 3-month window, you should be extremely precautious in your actions with others so that you don’t expose the infection to others just incase you are carrying it. If you get a positive result it is important that you find a doctor that will continue to screen your health even if you are not feeling any symptoms. If you have a regular doctor then they will be able to treat you with full knowledge of all your medical history and be ready to take the next step whenever it is that you seek different

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