HIV Case Study

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The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is consider the most devastating acquired immunodeficiency disease known today. This virus suppressed the immune system by destroying TH cells over time and progress to AIDS. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has estimated 1.2 million Americans are living with HIV/AIDS. Also, the CDC estimates the prevalence of an average of 50,000 newly infected each year. This disease is not mention as much in the media but is still very prevalent. In some American cultures and gender, the rate on infection is slowly growing and sustaining this immune deficient virulent epidemic. To better combat this issue is to evaluate the risk factors associated with …show more content…
The CDC states that approximately one in four people living with the HIV infection in the United States are women. Women newly diagnosed with HIV, 84% were infected by heterosexual contact. Only 88% of women living with HIV are diagnosed, but only 32% of them have the infection under control (CDC Women, 2015). One large risk factor is women are not aware of their male partner being infected with the virus and sexual intercourse with out condoms. Also, the additional risk factors of having multiple partners and drug use contribute to higher risk of acquiring HIV. The risk of getting HIV during vaginal sex without a condom or other protection has a higher incidence rate for women than for men (CDC Women, 2015). Furthermore, anal sex without proper protection such as a condom is riskier for women than vaginal sex without a condom (CDC Women, 2015). A national survey provided data that more than 20% of women aged 20 to 39 reported having anal sex in the past year (CDC Women, …show more content…
By having annual HIV tests, wearing condoms during vaginal and anal sex will greatly reduce contraction of HIV. Seeking council while in an abusive relationship will provide resources to help women to leave the dysfunctional relationship. Medical professionals can also contribute to help provide resources to combat these risk factors. They will provide education, act as an advocate, assist in community programs, and provide resources. Medical professionals also can prescribe pre exposure prophylaxis. Pre Exposure Prophylaxis is prescribed drugs used to help prevent the contraction of HIV with the practice of safe sex. This will also continue with recommending HIV tests for pregnant mothers. This will reduce the risk of HIV transmission to infants through breast milk and fetal

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