HIV And HIV: The History Behind Human Immunodeficiency Virus

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HIV/AIDS Human Immunodeficiency Virus has been and still is a huge public health concern. HIV is easily transmitted, and there are a lot of issues that go along with it. HIV is a serious virus that can completely destroy someone’s life. HIV is just like other common infections such as the Flu or the common cold, but the difference between HIV and the Flu is that the body cannot clear HIV from the body. Meaning once you have HIV, you have it for life. This paper is going to talk about the history behind HIV and HIV in today’s society. The history behind Human Immunodeficiency Virus is not that old; HIV was recognized as a new clinical syndrome in 1981. Research shows that there have been cases of HIV as early as 1950’s to the 1960’s, but …show more content…
This being said, it is a huge issue and is still prevalent in today’s society, what makes it so dangerous is the fact that you can obtain the virus and not show symptoms for years. Even if someone is not showing symptoms for years, they can still transmit the virus to others and not know. HIV is found in blood, semen, vaginal fluid, and breast milk. This is a scary thought when you think about how not everyone knows if they have the virus, and how easily it can be transmitted. For example, HIV testing is not mandatory for pregnant women. Women who are pregnant can opt-out of getting tested for HIV if they choice to do so, and that makes it even easier for a mother to give to their child for many reasons. If the mother got tested and found out that she has HIV, she could go on antiretroviral therapy and there would be a good chance the child would not get the virus. If the mother did not get tested, and found out she does have HIV after having the child, the child could have inherited HIV or the child could have obtained the virus from …show more content…
HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus while AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. The difference between the two is that HIV can hid for long periods of time in your cells within your body. HIV attacks your T-cells and CD4cells, which the body has to protect, and fight off infections/ diseases. Overtime HIV can destroy so many of your T-cells and CD4cells that your body cannot fight infections or diseases anymore which leaves your body extremely vulnerable. HIV can be inherited or transmitted, but AIDS cannot be inherited. AIDS is something that is acquired over a period of time. The first stage of the HIV infection is the Acute Infection, which is within 2-4 weeks after the infection, and you may feel sick with flu-like symptoms, which is the body’s natural response to the infection. The second stage of the virus is the Clinical Latency, which is when HIV is still active, but is reproducing at low levels, the reason this stage is so dangerous is because you may not show symptoms or get sick at this time. The last stage of this virus is called AIDS, this is when the immune system is badly damaged and you become vulnerable to infections. When your CD4cells drop below 200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood, you are considered to have progressed to

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