H.J. McCloskey (1968) in his article on being an Atheist aimed to prove atheism a more viable belief than the Christian worldview. McCloskey disputed the three theistic proofs: the cosmological argument, the teleological argument and the argument from design. McCloskey called attention to the presence of evil in a world made by God. He went further saying that it was nonsensical to live by faith. McCloskey contended that proofs were not the reason that people have faith in God but rather people come to rely on religion because of other circumstances in life. In spite of this, the three arguments, show great validity in supporting the God of Christianity’s existence. Examining this from the cumulative case point, there is no for sure
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Evans and Manis further elaborate citing that there is a definitive rationalization for the existence of a contingent being, only if there exist a necessary being. So the first component of this argument is that a contingent being actually does exist and the second component is that if any contingent being does exist, then the necessary being indeed exists, ergo, there is a necessary being. (Evans, Manis 2009) The validity of this argument is based upon 1.) Some contingent objects exist and 2.) If any contingent being exists, then a necessary being must exist because a contingent being commands that the ultimate cause be a necessary being. (Evan, Manis, 2009). Though there have been countless protests to these components the Cosmological argument does not hold weight to those, however, it does suggest and verbalize the theistic view of the connection involving contingent beings and God. McCloskey asserts that the cosmological argument in no way entitles people to suggest an all commanding, unflawed, uncaused cause. Evans declared that the cosmological argument is only the foundation of the understanding of God.
Let’s examine Aquinas’s five ways of establishing God’s existence. Aquinas touches on two characteristics in nature that suggest design, they are order and value. (Evan, Manis 2009) Aquinas reasons that things in nature act nearly the same