Guns, Germs, and Steel Summer Reading Essay

4176 Words Sep 2nd, 2013 17 Pages
Guns, Germs and Steel by Jared Diamond

1. Summarize Yali’s question. This requires mentioning race, intelligence, and development of technology. Yali asks "why is it that you white people developed so much cargo and brought it to New Guinea, but we black people had little cargo of our own?" What Yali is asking is about the origins of inequality between countries and societies in the world. He wants to know why people of European descent are rich and powerful while people like him lack wealth and power. He is questioning the issues of race and technology. He wants to know if there is something "wrong" with non-white people that make them unable to be as advanced technology as white people. 1. 2. Summarize the three
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12. What technological advancement (and give the date) was necessary for the colonization of New Guinea and Australia. Watercraft was the advancement that helped colonize New Guinea and Australia, the fact that Australia and New Guinea were populated this long ago proves that people had watercraft. Boats were needed because people would have to have crossed deep channels to get to Australia and New Guinea. The widest of these would have been at least 50 miles across. Colonization in Australia and New Guinea was sometime between 40,000 and 30,000 years ago. So that would be the date for the innovation

13. What theory does Diamond propose for the disappearance of mega-fauna in Australia/New Guinea? He argues that the disappearance of the animals was due to human action. The main cause of the disappearance of these animals was the appearance of hunter-gatherers to New Guinea. Diamond argues that the mega fauna of New Guinea had evolved in an environment that was without any humans. Thus, they did not adapt for surviving once humans came to New Guinea. Diamond so, he argues that the animals disappeared because they were unafraid of people and were then killed when people came to New Guinea.

14. What mega-fauna existed in the North America prior to 11,000 B.C. (for more information on this topic, watch what Killed the Mega Beasts? on the Discovery Channel.
There were elephants, lions, cheetahs, as well as other species

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