Guillain Barre Syndrome : An Autoimmune Disease Affects The Peripheral Nervous System

970 Words Nov 17th, 2015 4 Pages
Guillain Barre Syndrome Guillain Barre Syndrome (GBS) is an autoimmune disease affects the peripheral nervous system. The defining symptom of this syndrome is the body is attacking itself. GBS does affect both males and female of any age but most common seem to be between the ages 30 to 50 years old. A variety of symptoms can occur depending on the severity of the disease. Since this is a very aggressive disease, early and quick diagnosing is essential to the recovery of the patient. Physicians will study all the symptoms the patient is presenting. Then the physician will order an emergency spinal tap to analyze the protein levels in the body. Other testing will include electrocardiogram and electromyogram tests. Treatment will start immediately after the results have confirmed the diagnosis of GBS. Symptoms usually start in the lower extremities and gradually work its way up the body as the condition worsens. Currently, there is no known cure for Guillain Barre Syndrome. The treatment of the symptom and complications of GBS, as they appear, is the only way to help the patient recover from GBS. The peripheral nervous system (PNS) is the part of the nervous system not within the spinal cord or brain. PNS splits up into two different parts; autonomic and somatic. The autonomic portion deals with subconscious body functions such as: breathing, heartbeat, and fight or flight response. The somatic portion of the PNS deals with voluntary or conscious muscle movement. A good…

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