Grundnorm Definition

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1. Define and explain the significance of grundnorm. Essentially a grundnorm is an ordinance that states follow to make contracts between each other (J.G. Rumsey, International Law Lecture 2)(Murphy, 11). The significance of this term is that it helps to establish what states can put down on their treaties, so that they have something to refer to and go off of when making such a contract.

2. Define and explain the significance of pacta sunt servanda. The definition of pact sunt servanda is adhering to the contract states signed to have with each other (Murphy, 11). The direct translation from Latin is “an agreement must be kept” (Murphy, 11). The importance behind a term like this is that by engaging in this act it ensures that states
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Define and explain the significance of jus cogens.

The definition of jus cogens is that nations cannot reverse or go against what they have already decided upon in their agreements or contracts (Murphy, 12, 96). According to Murphy, the Latin translation is “peremptory norms” (12, 96). By having jus cogens it gives a sense of security to states/nation, by stating that the other party is not going to go off on their own even after signing such a contract and do what they want.

4. Define and explain the significance of jus gentium.

Just gentium is known as the rules that Roman’s abide by and use in their legal system (Murphy, 21). The significance behind term is that because Romans had such a strong culture of law they developed their own ideas and rules behind how it should advance and this led to the term being created (Murphy, 19-21).

5. Define and explain the significance of legal personality.

Legal personality is the persona of how an organization acts as being seen as something that can play a part or have a part in international law (Noyes, Dickinson, Janis, 329-330) (Murphy, 49). This term is important because without out it organizations could never be seen or take part in international
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First, was the rise of due process (Noyes, Dickinson, Janis, 37). Before the Nuremberg trials, due process had conflicting and elongated demands that a person could be subject to (Noyes, Dickinson, Janis, 37). However, the lesson they learned after was that due process was a central aspect to international law, which overturned a lot of what due process was like before the trials (Noyes, Dickinson, Janis, 38-39). Another thing that was acquired from the Nuremberg trials was the creation of the International Criminal Court (ICC) (Noyes, Dickinson, Janis, 42). Since before the trials there was no set way to try war criminals, the creation of the IMF helped to lead and pave the way for the ICC (Noyes, Dickinson, Janis, 42-43). It also allowed international law to try individuals who deserved to be (Noyes, Dickinson, Janis,

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