Essay on Group Development and Interaction Theory

1922 Words 8 Pages
Group Development and Interaction Theory
Within the business setting, the shift from yesterday’s “singular” culture to today’s “team” culture has brought about a new era of learning, development, and innovation. However, this shift has also brought with it a certain amount of dissatisfaction, conflict, and confusion. This paper will focus on the Tuckman Theory, and discuss how Tuckman’s five stages of group development and interaction applies to the work environment and leadership effectiveness.
The Tuckman Theory
Tuckman’s theory maintains that groups enter four foreseeable and elementary stages of development, and each of these stages contain both task and maintenance functions. These stages are Forming, Storming, Norming, and
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This stage can also be a difficult time for some team members as they relinquish their unity from the team.
How the Tuckman Theory Applies to Professional Work Dynamics
The Tuckman Theory seems to pinpoint distinct phases to what many consider the natural and unavoidable give and take among teams. Within a professional team setting, a team will progress through these phases only to the extent that the team members are willing to develop. The cohesiveness of a team is dependent upon the ability of each team member to move through each stage at the same time; and this timing is dependent upon the make-up of the team and its leadership.
In the workplace, there are many personalities and temperaments that must be accommodated within a team and this can be a difficult task to accomplish as individuals seek personal acknowledgement and recognition. The members of the team must each be willing to concede his/her position on occasion in order for the team to move forward. Likewise, unresolved concerns and issues among the team can lead to dysfunction or at worst, termination of the team.
Designating Team Member Roles and Responsibilities
Two stages of the Tuckman theory, forming and storming, provide the forum in which team members can discover and observe the strengths and weaknesses, and the skills and knowledge of fellow team members. During

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