Gropius: The Father Of The Bauhaus School Of Design

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Born in 1883, Walter Adolph Georg Gropius was the founder of the famous Bauhaus school of design. Gropius studied architecture in Berlin and Munich yet never finished a degree to the dismay of his architect father. After spending a year roaming Europe Gropius went to work for Peter Behrens at his architecture firm. Here he met Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. Two years later he and Adolf Meyer opened their own architecture firm in Berlin. One of the firms greatest contributions still stands today; a shoes form factory made of steel and glass (The German Way). World War 1 put a hold on architectural work while Gropius served in the German military. After the war ended in 1918 he returned to architectural work. A year later he set to combine the Grand …show more content…
First, there was a need to bring artists of different mediums together. Here, painter’s sculptures and craftsmen could work together on projects. This would give an equal distinction of importance for artists working in applied and decorative art as those working in fine art. Gropius wanted to produce working artist that were able to enter the working field competitively. Leaders in their field of art were brought in to keep the quality of training at the highest level.
This unified ideal is illustrated in Gropius belief that cathedrals were the best example of craftsmen working together. To complete the most beautiful buildings craftsmen of all areas had to work for a common product. Painters, sculptures, masons, architects, focused on the building as a whole instead of a single piece that would be displayed
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Upon opening in 1919, courses included bookbinding, printmaking, weaving, and metalwork. Painting, sculpture, pottery and cabinet making were added the following year. In 1921 Dutch designer Theo van Doesburg visits Bauhaus encouraging the move away from emotional art to something that could be easily reproduced for a large number of people. This encourages Gropius to focus on mixing artistic design with an industrial application. He even creates a new slogan for the school, “Art and Technology- a new unity” (Bauhaus Design School). In 1923 the Bauhaus opens its doors to the public hosting exhibitions and offering lectures. The results is a raised public interest in the school including support from well know public figures. The support becomes crucial when the following year government financial support is cut in half. To raise money for the school Gropius creates a fundraising committee necessary to keep the school open. Unfortunately Bauhaus closes its doors in Weimar and moves to

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