Introduction Classical Greek culture had a powerful influence on the Roman Empire, which carried a version of it to many parts of the Mediterranean region and Europe. Greek culture influenced the development of Roman civilization because at first Rome absorbed ideas from Greek colonists in southern Italy, and they continued to borrow from Greek culture after they conquered Greece. Ancient Greece has had an enormous amount of impact on culture in the western world. For this reason, Classical Greece is generally considered to be the seminal culture which provided the foundation of Western civilization. Rome conquered the Greek empire and its civilization, but Greek culture conquered imperial Rome. Furthermore, the Romans willingly
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Most of the Roman gods and goddesses were a blend of several religious influences. Many were introduced by the Greek colonies of southern Italy. Many also had their roots in old religions of the Etruscans or Latin tribes. Often the old Etruscan or Latin names of religious figures survived, but it became to be seen as the Greek god that corresponded with the original. This is why the Greek and Roman pantheon look very similar, but have different names. In the earliest period of Roman state religion, Jupiter, Mars, and Quirinus were the supreme triad. The Romans, however, tolerant of new gods and religions, adopted many foreign gods. Under the influence of the Etruscans and the Latins, new gods began to appear around the 7th century B.C.E. A wider and much more significant influence, however, was that of the Greek and Middle Eastern cults from about the 3rd century B.C.E. Old Roman deities were equated with the Greek gods and accordingly given with their attributes and myths. Some important ones were Dionysus and Apollo, who were brought to Rome.
Social Classes Greek social classes originated from Athens. Athens had an upper class. Directly below this class were the Metics, or the middle class. The next class was the freemen, and at the very bottom were the slaves. The upper class consisted of slave-owning citizens who didn’t work. The Middle class consisted of