Greek And Roman Empire Case Study

2575 Words 11 Pages
Register to read the introduction… What is meant by technological stagnation in the Greek and Roman Empires? How could “an Overdose of Slavery” be the cause? List 2 flaws of the slavery explanation. Provide an alternative explanation. 3 specific ways which technology did not progress. List means you can get it from the outline. Alternative is from written part. What is meant by stagnation? (1.Short list of new products in the 1,500 years of Greek and Roman rule. 2. Not too impressive refinements to existing technology. 3. Surprisingly little application of water-mill power using aqueducts.) Overdose of slavery. (1.Under slavery labor was relatively cheap, no incentive for the elites to replace human power with machine power (labor and capital as substitutes). 2.Slaves themselves had no incentive to make labor-saving devices, since their labor would be elsewhere directed. 3. A puzzle that the elites would not want to increase the output of each slave (labor and capital as complements). 4.Proponents of this theory attribute the fall of the Roman Empire to the labor shortage as parasitical classes swelled.) 2 flaws (1. Slavery not all that prevalent until the Roman conquests. 2.Slavery used for massive projects (temples, fleet building, etc.) not widely in agriculture in which most of the labor force was …show more content…
Answer the following the questions regarding the model discussed in class in which a landlord and farmer could operate under 3 possible arrangements: fixed rent, fixed wage, or the Manorial System (shared inputs). Under a fixed rent contract: who bears the risks of a bad crop and reaps the benefits of a bumper crop? Characterize the incentive of a farmer to exert effort while working the fields. Under a fixed wage contract: who bears the risks of a bad crop and reaps the benefits of a bumper crop? Characterize the incentive of a farmer to exert effort while working the fields. Under a Manorial System: who bears the risks of a bad crop and reaps the benefits of a bumper crop? Characterize the incentive of a farmer to exert effort while working the …show more content…
Peasant holdings lay in large open fields which were divided into strips. Each peasant held several strips that were distributed throughout the fields of the manor. 3. The common land usually consisted of waste, meadows, pasture, and woodland. Peasants used these areas to graze livestock, gather firewood, etc. but lord supervised use. Social structure and organization of production 1. Peasants were bound to the soil (serfdom). a. Required to contribute labor services to production on the lord’s demesne. Work on the lord’s demesne took precedence over work on their own plots. b. Peasants also were required to make other contributions and dues to the lord. (Some estimates indicate that over 50% of the peasants’ output was extracted by the lords). 2. In exchange, the lord provided protection for the peasants and served as the judge and administrator of the estate.

10. Explain (preferably using a graph) why the number of manors grew as the population increased in medieval Europe. What happened to wages and the prices of food and land? (Again, a graphical analysis is helpful) Why did the population increase lead to the beginning of the end of the manorial

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