Grave Disease : An Autoimmune Disease Essay
Grave disease is an autoimmune disease in which the over activity of the thyroid gland causes the overproduction of the thyroid hormone. This disease was described by Robert J. Graves a doctor from Ireland and is also known as Basedow’s disease. Even though there are several disorders that may result in hypothyroidism, grave disease is one of the most common type of hypothyroidism that occurs in 1 percent of U. S population (Anderson 2010). Furthermore, Grave disease is a disease that can affect anyone, but is more common amongst females before age 40. Concerning, grave disease will attack the immune system making antibodies that will cause the thyroid to enlarge and produce more than the amount of thyroid hormone that your body will need. These hormones that cause the thyroid to enlarge are called thyroid stimulating immunoglobulins. Thyroid stimulating immunoglobulins are antibodies that tells the thyroid gland to become more active and release excess amounts of thyroid hormone into the blood (U.S. National library of medicine).
Statistics Grave disease affect 2-5 % of women and affect women between the ages of 20 and 40 years old. The ratio between male and female is 7:1 (Robins 2001). Over the years this disease has increase rapidly. Therefore, statistics have proven that grave disease is 4 to ten times more in women and is said to be more common in Asian and white than in black (Anderson). In nineteen ninety-six…