Govnermant and Politics Essay

2853 Words May 4th, 2012 12 Pages
Democracy
Democracy is a word frequently used in British Politics. We are constantly told that we live in a democracy in Britain and that our political system is "democratic" and that nations that do not match these standards are classed as "undemocratic".
The concept of "democracy" is contestable. It is understood by many people to mean a form of government in which a significant portion of the governed society has a franchise to elect members of the governing body. Other observers would argue that a "true" democracy is a system of government that embraces a universal adult franchise. While flaws exist in all democratic systems of government, most advocates accept Churchill's dictum that contemporary democracy as we know it is the least
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These citizenship rights are enshrined in a constitution and can be amended to reflect social change. This third form of democracy is the basis of Australia's political system.
Each form of democracy illustrates a phase in the development of the concept. A brief outline of the historical development of each will provide a solid foundation of knowledge on which the concept of constitutional democracy can be further explored.
Direct democracy
Debate continues as to the origins of democracy. However, the city-states of ancient Greece stand out as one of the earliest examples of codified and institutionalised democratic principles. The motivating force for the development of democratic political institutions in the Greek states was their desire to discover the best system of government that would maintain the liberty of the citizen. Their solution was a system in which the whole citizen body formed the legislature. All citizens had a voice and a presence in the formulation of the rules that governed their society.
All citizens were eligible to hold executive and judicial offices, some were elected, while others were assigned by lot. In this early form of democracy all officials were directly responsible to the popular assembly, which was qualified to act in executive, judicial and legislative matters.
It should be noted that Greek democracy, which may be epitomised as the expression of the interests of all citizens, rested on a society

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