Gough’s Definition of Needs and His Different Categories for Basic Human Needs

1018 Words Jan 13th, 2011 5 Pages
In this essay I will be looking at Gough’s definition of needs and his different categories for basic human needs, whilst briefly examining his moral argument for welfare; I will then concentrate on the Islamic republic of Iran, analysing its social security and welfare system, investigating the ways in which Iran’s government attempts to provide these rights for its citizens. This then leads me to consider the criticisms made against Iran’s government for its lack of support and the rising number of people living below the absolute poverty line.
As according to Gough’s study on human needs, human needs differ from their wants in the sense that wants are more inclusive and although an individual can be harmed as a result being denied of
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Whilst the Ministry of Welfare and Social Security policies are based on charities, this is done in the form of a complex insurance system, where, through their insurance, individuals can have access to their right of social security benefits such as retirement pensions, unemployment benefits, old age pensions and disability benefits. Individuals can get private insurance through their employers for themselves and their family, which consists of other reimbursements such medical, sickness, maternity, and work injury benefits; if unemployed, an orphan, single, unsupported and with a low income, individuals are provided with state insurance. The insurance will pay out a contribution of about 1/5 towards any medical treatments and medication expenses.
This leaves the support for the disabled, the old, and those in poverty in the hands of government run charities and private charities. ‘The Imam Khomeini relief foundation’, Iran’s most recognized government funded charity is accountable for identifying individuals living in poverty and supplying them with monthly maintenance allowances. As described by their website, the foundation aims to carry out tasks such as uprooting poverty, supporting and giving relief to the deprived and the oppressed people and making them self sufficient. Whilst this institution is liable for supporting individuals

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