Gorges Dam Essay

831 Words Sep 22nd, 2014 4 Pages
1. Why was the building of the dam first proposed in 1919 and by whom?

The dam was first proposed by Sun-Yat San, the father of modern China, in order to protect river communities from floods and also contribute for economic development plan for China.

2.Why have archaeologists and historians criticized the building of the Three Gorges Dam?

Archeologist and historians criticize the building of the Three Gorges Dam because it is socially and environmentally destructive. This is because when the dam is finished, nearly 2 million people will have been displaced and 4000 villages, 140 towns, and 13 cities will have been swallowed up. Also, monuments, and priceless archeological discoveries of this countries culture will be lost
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This is necessary because in such a polluted country, the production of clean energy is a massive upside.
6. Compare the energy production of the Three Gorges Dam to the Hoover Dam. Although China believed the Dam would provide the nation with 10% of its power needs, what is the current amount of power it actually is supplying?
China thought that the Three Gorges Dam would provide 10 percent of China’s total energy needs. During the years of construction, the population’s demand of energy has reduced that number to 3 percent. The Hoover Dam produces, on average, about 4 billion kilowatt-hours of hydroelectric power each year for use in Nevada, Arizona, and California - enough to serve 1.3 million people. The gorges dam provides 3 times the more power then the Hoover Dam.
7. What are some of the environmental implications sited by Chinese officials that have occurred as a result of the Dam project?
The river that’s been dammed is polluted. Also, sediment can clog the river.
8. What has been the “most worrying consequence” that has occurred as a result of the Dam?
The environmental degradation that the river has caused is the most worrying consequence. The flooding of the towns, villages, and cities and the polluted river are the result of the dam.
9. What is the impact on local communities near the

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