Goal Orientation Case Study
There are four main goal orientations students may have in a classroom:
• Mastery (learning goals): students are motivated by improving and learning material at all cost.
• Performance (look what I can do goals): students are motivated by outperforming others and are prone to becoming defensive if others outperform them.
• Work-avoidance (what can I do to get this over with goals): students tend to complete work with minimal effort and thrive on assignments they deem “easy”.
• Social (social status goals): students thrive on the social aspect of school many times at the expense of learning.
For goal setting in the classroom to be a motivator, students must either accept the goals set by others, or set acceptable and reasonable goals for themselves. Students are more likely to accept goals set by others if those goals are attainable and meaningful. When offering feedback, teachers should emphasize the progress made toward goal attainment rather than focusing on what students have yet to …show more content…
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs essentially states that a student whose lower-level needs, deficiency needs, are not adequately met, will be less motivated to be a successful learner in the classroom. The need for survival, safety, belonging, and self-esteem many times trumps the academic curriculum within the classroom. Other theorists have tied motivation to a student’s historical achievement and the emphasis placed on achievement within the home. Often times the fear of failure is a factor in a student’s achievement need. However, there are times that the fear of failure overshadows drive to achieve and a student then is apt to avoid the situation. Instructional leaders must ensure the faculty and staff foster healthy, caring relationships with students and parents. Students will be more motivated to achieve when they feel genuinely cared about and secure in the student-teacher