Gmo Food : A Reference Book Essay

804 Words Jun 23rd, 2015 4 Pages
To add fuel to the GMO fire as if the health and economic issues were not enough, there are also environmental issues that society has to face. With the environmental issues, the pollination of plants through horizontal gene transfer or the horizontal gene flow (HGT) is the main environmental concern. The horizontal gene transfer is defined as “the transfer or passing of genetic material between species by mechanisms other than from parent to offspring (“Horizontal Gene Transfer”). This issue may seem harmless, but it is indeed not. Often times, HGT happens because insects or mammals that receive their nourishment from plants carry out most of the plant pollination. This brings up the issue of contaminating non-GM foods and plants with the genetic material (Deoxyribonucleic Acid or DNA) of foods and plants that are genetically modified. In his book entitled GMO Food: A Reference Book, Newton gives specific examples of just how the gene transfer happens. He says, In West Australia, organic canola farms have been contaminated with GM canola plants” (Newton 94). “In the United States, 30 percent of the long-grain rice is contaminated and in Costa Rica, there is a spontaneous growth of GM soybean”, says Newton (Newton 94). Another case of the environmental impact of GMOs is mentioned in an article written by an environmentalist by the name of Emily Glass. In her article “The Environmental Impacts of GMOs”, Glass says “the herbicides and pesticides that have been manufactured…

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