Essay on Globalization

1009 Words Dec 3rd, 2013 5 Pages
Assignment 4.2/International Business
10/20/13
National American University Heather Morris

The impact of globalization on labor markets has re-emerged as an important policy issue, reflecting the broader public debate about the interrelated concerns of downward pressure on wages, increased job insecurity, and jobs moving from OECD countries to developing countries with lower wages.
Two relatively recent phenomena are at play here. One is the accelerating participation in world trade of many developing and transition countries, particularly the large, vastly populated economies of China and India. These countries’ increased trade and foreign direct investment have, according to some estimates, contributed to a fourfold
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Usually, private companies undertake such transactions for profit; governments undertake them for profit and for political reasons.[1] It refers to all those business activities which involve cross border transactions of goods, services, resources between two or more nations. Transaction of economic resources include capital, skills, people etc. for international production of physical goods and services such as finance, banking, insurance, construction etc.
A multinational enterprise is a company that has a worldwide approach to markets and production or one with operations in more than a country. An MNE is often called multinational corporation or transnational company Well known MNCs include fast food companies such as McDonald's and Yum Brands, vehicle manufacturers such as General Motors, Ford Motor Company and Toyota, consumer electronics companies like Samsung, LG and Sony, and energy companies such as ExxonMobil, Shell and BP. Most of the largest corporations operate in multiple national markets.
In recent years, the concept of competitiveness has emerged as a new paradigm in economic development. Competitiveness captures the awareness of both the limitations and challenges posed by global competition, at a time when effective government action is constrained by budgetary constraints and the private sector faces significant barriers to competing in domestic and

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