Global Challenges: The Shortcomings Of Communicable Diseases

1748 Words 7 Pages
1. World is a global village, every aspect of life is within reach even in speed of light. This is an achievement as communication between places becomes easier, people and their belongings, pets know interact, moves locally and beyond borders in millions with ease and by various means. This is not without its shortcomings as its rather easier to transfer dangerous diseases such as Dengue and Ebola between places unnoticed! Communicable diseases continue to be a major problem globally accounted Gupta and Guin(2010), viewed on different pointers as potentially dangerous diseases such as Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome AIDS, Tuberculosis TB and Malaria. Gupta et al reckoned other diseases are less malicious …show more content…
There is a direct link between the prosperity of a nation and the health status of people who live in it reckoned Doriana, and Peters(2005). The lower the economic output of a nation, the less the availability of health resources to aid eradication of any diseases and this limits the extent to what citizens can achieve. On a bigger picture, diseases robs on the economy as less is added and much is taken directly or indirectly. This sadly allows continued spread of diseases like a wild fire within and beyond borders. Youth are the leaders of tomorrow, however in less industrialised regions of the globe, a large amount of them are dying in multitude due to infections with TB and HIV which are preventable and treatable expressed Risser and Smith (2005). Risser and Smith also pointed out that affected youths are from less privileged background with little to no jobs, mostly incarcerated and are infected in prisons due to strict enclosures, homosexuality or sharing needles in substance abuse. In industrialised regions it is very common to see african descent and minority groups being infected with TB compare to other race and there is a strong inheritance possibilities accounted Nahid, Horne, Jarlsberg, Reiner, Osmond, Hopewell, & Bibbins-Domingo …show more content…
TB was discovered about two hundred years ago and continue to be source of debilitation, second to HIV in number of deaths accounted Dwyer, EC (2015) and although the investigation and medical care is gradually becoming easier, there is a growing fear globally due to continuing effects and sudden surge of abnormal strains from genetic multiplication. Dwyer and EC mentioned treatment are in stages and it takes months to complete, chances that patient will default increases abnormal growth. Abnormal strains appear in about 50% of TB cases globally with 95% occurring in less well off regions, highlighted by Gleissberg, V 1999. Onozuka and Hagihara (2015) reckoned TB new cases is common in winter and raining seasons and mostly affects the poor who misses the signs for mere coughs and are reluctant to seek help. This delays and causes multiplications and mutations. Africa Health, (36, 5, p. 11, 2014) highlights some part of the globe sort out for cheap affordable medications, however deregulation and policies may give rise to subclinical, less effective drugs being distributed to these nations resulting in prolong treatment, worse side effects, ease multiplication of mycobacteria or

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