Essay on Ghjgkhjgjghjg

1452 Words Aug 24th, 2014 6 Pages
It would be difficult to disagree that for one of the smaller representing populations in Australia, Indigenous Australians are at disadvantage in many areas. Areas ranging from employment, housing, justice and education among many more. There have been innumerable efforts at overcoming the disadvantages Aboriginal people have to face. For the purposes of this Essay, literature will be discussed in addressing the social inequality and disadvantage of indigenous people in relation to refining the gap in life expectancy (as a social-economic indicator) and what essential elements need to be considered for the process to work successfully.
There are contending ideas in relevant literature as to what is the cause for the life expectancy gap
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McMurray and Param (2008) re-address the primary health care aspect and bring in the notion that cultural specific guidelines within health structures are the key to improving Aboriginal health. This however ignores the historical issues between Indigenous and non-indigenous relations that affect the life expectancy gap as ‘the situation for indigenous Australians is further exacerbated by racism and prejudice, which have marginalised them from various aspects of social and community life, with additional detrimental effects on health’ (Eades 2000, p.469) and in effect the fear among Aboriginal people of institutional racism (Sweet 2003).
Experiences of loss of traditional roles, a history of conflict and dispossession, failed assimilation and passive welfare are not isolated to indigenous Australians but have been experienced by indigenous peoples of other countries who have been colonised (Banks 2007). The statistics show however that indigenous Australians life expectancy compared to that of non- indigenous Australians to be considerably lower , with men 11.5yrs difference women 9.7 yrs (Australian Bureau of statistics, 2010) were as ‘the longevity gap between Māori and non-Māori has closed slightly. The difference in life expectancy at birth of 8.2 years in 2005–07 compares with 8.5 years in 2000–02 and 9.1 years in 1995–97’ (statistics New Zealand 2008). Centres for Disease Control and Preventions

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