German Essays

5548 Words Feb 16th, 2014 23 Pages
1. One day in Joszfow- Christopher Browing
a. Emphasizes the old age of the officers- 39
b. Shows that they were trained to be like this and had a choice. They were not brainwashed o Myth that Browning is trying to disprove; that all Nazi’s were thoroughly indoctrinated
• Some of the killers were old enough to think for themselves o Trying to give the lie to idea that people thought they had to kill so that they themselves would not be killed o Conclusions Browning drew about killers:
• Some men did not want to appear cowardly to the other men
• peer pressure of not stepping up against the idea
• Testimony was consistent—gives it weight and truth
• Career destruction – thought that if they refused to kill Jews that it would
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This was not actually how liberation was experienced there was emotional difficulty o Of which ideas about Holocaust survival does he appear to be outright critical?
• He does not like the idea that survivors were chosen by some sort of divine force he does not like the idea of the chosen survivors. He is a nonbeliever and thinks that people who believe in the chosen ones that they think it puts them above the other ones that died.
• The best people are those who died quickly and stood up for themselves
• Shame of the world- people turned away while it was happening but now we are stuck with remembering this o How many kinds of survivor shame does Levi identify? What does he mean by shame of the world?
• Shame not necessarily of stealing from people, but shame of not offering help or an ear to listen. Shame that Levi did not share the water with Daniele. Shame that someone better should be alive in your place. Shame of diminishment: animal like behavior. One cannot commit suicide because all one could think about was to stir away from dying. “When one is dying, one is much too busy to think about death. All one’s organism is devoted to breathing.” Days were encumbered by hunger, fatigue, cold and fear, and any space for reflection, reasoning, and experience. Moral yardstick had changed.

• TORTURE: o How does Amery’s status as an intellectual seem to affect his experience of torture? How does it seem to determine what he

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