Geopolitics : Inquiry Scaffold : The Region Of Conflict Essay
1234 Words Jun 4th, 2016 5 Pages
The region of conflict:
When the Pashtun tribes were united in 1747, Afghanistan was founded. Afghanistan served as a buffer between the British and Russian Empires until it won independence from the British in 1919. The democracy ended in 1973 when the government was overthrown in a coup and again in 1978 by a communist inspired group. This government was supported by the Soviet Union who invaded in 1979 to support the communist regime. Russia withdrew in 1989 under pressure from internationally supported anti-communist forces. Then a series of subsequent civil wars saw Kabul finally fall in 1996 to the Taliban, a hardline Pakistani-sponsored movement that emerged in 1994 to end the country 's civil war and anarchy. Following the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks, a US, Allied, and anti-Taliban Northern Alliance military action toppled the Taliban for sheltering Usama BIN LADIN
Communicate causal factors:
In 2001 a process for political reconstruction was established that included the adoption of a new constitution, a presidential election in 2004, and National Assembly elections in 2005. In December 2004, Hamid KARZAI became the first democratically elected president of Afghanistan and the National Assembly was inaugurated the following December. The government was re-elected in August 2009 for a second term.
During the 2014 presidential election the country had two top vote-getters and throughout the summer of 2014, these two…