Geography of Uk Essay

4538 Words Mar 11th, 2016 19 Pages
MODULE 1
MODERN REALIA OF THE UNITED KINGDOM (UK)

GEOGRAPHY OF THE UK

UK is an abbreviation of “the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland” (which is the political name of the country). The country is made up of four constituent parts – England, Scotland, Wales (Cymru in Welsh) and Northern Ireland (sometimes known as Ulster)∗. 1. Geographical position of the UK The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the British Isles – a large group of islands lying off the north-western coast of Europe and separated from the continent by the English Channel and the Strait of Dover in the south and the North Sea in the east. The British Isles consist of two large islands – Great
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2.2. The Royal Coat of Arms is the official coat of arms of the British monarch. The Coat of Arms depicts the shield supported by a crowned lion (on the left) and a unicorn (on the right). The shield is quartered: the top left and the bottom right quarters depict the three lions passant guardant which is the symbol for England; the top right quarter – the rampant lion and double tressure fleury-counter-fleury for Scotland; the bottom left quarter – a harp for Ireland. Above the shield there is the crown – the symbol of the monarch. The crest above the crown is a lion statant guardant wearing the imperial crown. The supporters of the shield – the crowned lion and the unicorn symbolize England and Scotland respectively. According to legend a free unicorn was considered a very dangerous beast; therefore the heraldic unicorn is chained The coat features both the motto of English monarchs, Dieu et mon droit (God and my right), and the motto of the Order of the Garter, Honi soit qui mal y pense (Shamed be he who thinks ill of it) on a representation of the Garter behind the shield. The mottoes are old French and date back to the days when French was the court language. The Queen has a separate version of her arms for use in Scotland, giving the Scottish elements pride of place. The Coat of Arms depicts the shield supported by a crowned lion (on the right)

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