Geography Study Notes Essay

878 Words Nov 2nd, 2010 4 Pages
Geography – Unit One Notes
What is Geography?
Geography is the study of the world, how it works, and how people use and change the world as they live in it.
Origins
The word “Geography” comes from the Greek word “Geo.” Meaning earth and “graph” meaning writing.
Definitions
Population Denisty – Figure calculated by dividing the population of a region by the region’s area.
Staristical Analysis – Studying collected data for the purposes of summarizing information to make it more usable and for making generalizations.
Geotechnologies – New Geographic technologies, such as remote sensing, GPS and GIS, that have
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How were Maps first created? * People needed to record info. to find their way back. * Soon started to measure distances and readings to determine location. * Simple maps – diagrams of land, water, vegatation, settlement pattens, transfort routes. * Knowing locations of places isn’t enough. (Only tells where to find a person, not appreance, home, or surroundings.) * Man has not altered natural features such as vegetation and landforms.
Why Are Places Unique? * No two places on Earth are identical. * Geographers want to know why places are unque. (For example,why some parts of the Earth are more densely settled than other parts. * No features on erth exist without the influence of other features = interrelationship between all the features on earth, for example rocks are worn away by water; plants depend on climate and minerals in the soil for growth.

The Landscape * The visible surface of the earth is known as the landscape. * Landscape results from interaction of man with his environment. * Because man modifies/changes earths’ surface to statisfy his economic needs, features of a landscape vary. * Lanscapes may be dominated by either natural features (landforms, climate, vegataion) or cultural features (buildings, crops, cities, industries.) * Descriptions and explanations of interelationships (existing between man and his environment)

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