Geography Exam Review Essay

1408 Words Sep 10th, 2012 6 Pages
Exam One Study Guide
GEA 2000

Chapter 1: Geography
What is geography? What do geographers study? How is geography interdisciplinary? What is cartography and GIS? What is the grid system and its parts? What are map projections, and how do they distort the Earth? What is a region and how are they determined? What is a transition zone? What are interregional linkages?

What are the internal forces and external forces that shape the physical environment? What is plate tectonics, and how does it shape the Earth’s surface? What was Pangaea? What hazards result from tectonic processes? What is the Ring of Fire? What are weathering, erosion and deposition, and how do they shape the Earth’s surface? What is glaciation, and what effect does
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Where is the population located in the US? In Canada? What are the fastest growing parts of the US in terms of population? Where is the population aging and why?

Chapter 3: Middle & South America
What are the major features of the highlands of Middle and South America (MSA)? What are the major features of the lowlands of MSA? How do dominant pressure belts, prevailing winds and ocean currents influence climate? How do orographic rainfall and rain shadows contribute to climates in the region? What is Altitude-Temperature Zones, and why are they important? What is El Nino, and what are the effects for MSA?

What is deforestation, where is it happening in MSA, and why? How is economic development usually perceived in relation to the environmental protection? What is ecotourism? What are the problems with dams? What are the problems with shrimp farms? What is an NTAE? What are problems with water in the region?

What was the population at the time of European contact? What is shifting cultivation? Why was it important to lowland cultures? Who were the Aztecs and Incas? Why was the Conquest such a significant event? What was the demographic collapse? How did it facilitate the slave trade? What was the Global (or Atlantic or Columbian) Exchange? How was the economy oriented under colonialism? What was the social structure like under colonialism, and how did

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