Geography And Settlement Of Ancient Greece

1550 Words 7 Pages
Chapters 1 to 4: Ancient Greece
Geography, Government, Athens vs. Sparta, and Golden Age of Greece
Study Guide – Use your online HA! textbook

Directions: Using your handouts, notes, workbook, and online textbook, answer the following questions as thoroughly as you can. Fill in a response wherever you see “???.”

Chp. 1 -- Geography and Settlement of Ancient Greece
A peninsula is A thin strip of land surronded on 3 sides by water. (Chp. 1.1)

The high Mountains and the seas of Greece separated the communities of ancient Greece. The mountains made it hard to travel. There was little communication between people in different settlements. (Chp. 1.2)

Travel by land was also hard because roads were unpaved. Thick mud could cause
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An oracle was a holy person who the Greeks believed could communicate with the gods.. (Chp. 1.2)

Many Greek settlements on the mainland used trade to get goods they needed, especially when they could not grown enough food to feed their families. The items FROM Greece that were traded were Olive oil and pottery. (Section 1.5)

Chp. 2 -- The Rise of Democracy
A monarch is a type of government. The major characteristics of monarchies included: (Chp. 2.2)
Power was held by a king
Power was passed from father to oldest son.
Rulers inherited their power.

In a monarchy, law were made by the king (Chp. 2.2)

An aristocrat was a member of the most powerful class in ancient Greek society. Most often was very rich (Chp. 2.2)

Eventually, aristocrats in most city-states overthrew monarchy and took power for themselves. (Chp. 2.2)

An oligarchy is a government in which the ruling power is in the hands of a few people. The major characteristics of oligarchies included: (Chp. 2.3)
Ruling power was held by a few wealthy landowing citizens.
Most oligarchs were aristocrats
Oligarchs inherited land from their family; thus, they were typically very
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4.2)

Athenians lived in small, uncomfortable neighborhoods, while the public spaces were large and stately. Based on this information, we know that the Athenians’ valued their public spaces.(Chp. 4.2)

At the temple at Delphi, an ancient Greek asked questions through a priestess called the Oracle of Delphi. She then replied with the words of the god Apollo. (Chp. 4.3)

Greek temples show the importance of balance and order in the Greeks’ idea of beauty. (Chp. 4.4)

The Parthenon was built on a long, rectangular base The three major features of the top of the temple were the pediments the columns and the frieze. (Chp. 4.4)

Phidias was an Athenian sculptor. He designed the figures that line the frieze on the parthenon and the statue of Athena that stood inside the temple. (Chp. 4.5)

Early Greek sculptures were based on egyptian styles. Later Greek sculptures were realistic and lifelike.(Chp. 4.5)

Greek theaters were in the shape of a bowl so that everyone could hear what was said.(Chp.

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