Genetically Modified Foods And Traditional Breeding Essay

1507 Words Oct 14th, 2016 7 Pages
Genetically modified foods, or GMOs, are foods whose DNA has been altered through genetic engineering. The goal of genetic engineering is to add DNA into an organism manually which will lead to new traits that weren’t in the original organism. This engineering can be done in either animals, bacteria, plants, or any type of organism and is performed to bring forth new traits along with having a better control over the traits. Genetic engineering is different from traditional breeding. Trait improvement in traditional breeding is limited to the existing traits within the species. In traditional breeding, the parents each pass half of their genes onto their offspring, which may include genes that are unwanted. On the other hand, genetically engineered foods have had their genes physically moved from one organism to another. This also for certain genes to be transferred, not all. In 1973, a grad student at Stanford University came up with the idea of rDNA, or man-made DNA. Professor Herbet Boyer and a few other colleagues decided to work on this idea. After two years of research, biologists, lawyers, and doctors all got together to create guidelines for a safe use of any genetically engineered DNA. A court case in 1980 allowed for the first patent on a living organism. This organism was a bacterium, whose job was to clean up the oil spills. In 1994, the Flavr Savr got approved by the US Food and Drug Administration to be on sale at grocery store shelves. These genetically…

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