Genetically Modified Food Vs Organic Food
The objective of this report is to recommend the widespread use of genetically modified food to feed a large population, instead of organic food.
As the world’s population grows and its agriculture industry diminished there is a concern with how the world would be fed, either with organic food or genetically modified food. In recent years technological advancement in biotechnology and genetic engineering allows for the rapidly growing use of genetically modified food, specifically crops. Genetically modified crops are crops that have their seed modified through genetic engineering techniques that allow for the selection of desirable traits. In order to produce these traits in organic food it would require selective …show more content…
In a survey conducted by the Food Policy Institute (Hallman et al., 2003) in 2003, half of the respondents were aware that GM food was available in supermarkets. (6) However in 2006, a Pew Research Initiative survey (Organic and Non-GMO Report, 2007) reported that 60 percent of respondents were aware that GM food were readily available (6). Those who are aware of GM food perceive organic food to be healthier. The public however have some concerns about how genetic modification can effect human heath, but are confident that biotechnology can be used in a safe and efficient …show more content…
(7) However, about 67% of the respondents reported that GM food will help society more than harming it. (7) 55.6% of respondents agreed that organic food was safe with 24.8% of neutral respondents. On the other hand 35.4% of respondents agreed that GM food are safe with 40.7% neutral respondents. (7) Organic food is perceived to have smaller risk than GM food. Despite the risks involved, a majority of the respondents believe that GM food is beneficial to society (8)
The GM adoption rate has been increasing rapidly and because of this many countries rely on the income produced by the production of these crops. In 2013, there is an estimate of 1.5 billion hectares of GM crops, with about 833 hectares of GM crops planted per farmer. (9) The main GM crops are soybean, corn, cotton, and canola. Soybean is the most harvested GM crop followed by corn, cotton, and canola.