Essay on Genetically Food : Genetically Modified Organisms

1377 Words Dec 8th, 2015 6 Pages
“In the U.S., GMOs are in as much as 80% of conventional processed food” (Non-GMO Project). The public has grown concerned over genetically engineered food. However, not many people actually know what GMO stands for. GMO is an abbreviation for genetically modified organism, and can be created by genetic engineering or biotechnology. These organisms could never be created naturally. They can be used for yeast, plants, fish, and other animals. Most commonly it is used in processed foods, even vegetables such as corn and soybeans. “The National Center for Food and Agricultureal Policy estimates that 85 percent of U.S. corn is genetically modified”(Chicago Tribune). More than one-tenth of farmland contains GM crops (Diaz). Almost everyone eats food that has been genetically modified, unless only fresh, unprocessed foods that are labeled non-GMO or organic is the only things being consumed. GMOs have been used for more than 30 years. With this long amount of time, researchers have discovered positive and negative effects of these modified organisms. However, before focusing on the effects of genetic engineering, it is important to know how GMOs are scientifically created and what they are used for. All genes contain DNA, with nucleotide bases known as adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine. The order of nucleotides in a strand of DNA, also known as a DNA sequence, can determine traits in organisms. In both plant and animal cells, chromosomes are duplicated before the cell is…

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