Genetic Transformation Of A Single Celled Organism Essay

1748 Words Jan 4th, 2015 null Page
Bacteria often contain plasmids, plasmids are circular, double stranded DNA that is not part of the nuclear DNA. Plasmids usually contain genes that code for several traits. Genetic transformation relies on inserting a gene that codes for a new trait in to the plasmid. For this lab, genetic transformation is the insertion of a new DNA in to E.coli cells, the pGLO plasmid was genetically engineered to carry the green fluorescent protein and a gene that codes for a protein that gives the bacteria a resistance to the antibiotic. The genetically modified plasmid can be used to transform the bacteria and so give it a new trait. (Biotechnology Explorer, n.d.). Genetic transformation is composed of a single cell, because in order to transform a single-celled organism, the individual has to insert a gene in to a specific cell rather than many. The organism that is best suited for genetic transformation are bacterium. Bacteria consist of single cells that become transgenic organisms after they have been mixed with DNA, only one cell is needed to be changed in order for the transgenic information to be passed down through replication in to new generations. Also, a bacterium reproduces very efficiently so it will allow for the new traits to be passed down much faster than any other organisms. The organism being genetically engineered should not produce any toxins or compounds that could potentially cause people to become sick or harm the environment. The organism should be able to…

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